Sioux Falls Zoologists

"Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent!"

The mirror test is an experiment developed in 1970 by psychologist Gordon Gallup Jr. to determine whether an animal possesses the ability to recognize itself in a mirror. It is the primary indicator of self-awareness in non-human animals and marks entrance to the mirror stage by human children in developmental psychology. Animals that pass the mirror test are: Humans older than 18 mo, Chimpanzees, Bonobos, Orangutans, Gorillas, Bottlenose Dolphins, Orcas (Killer Whales), Elephants, and European Magpies. Others showing signs of self-awareness are Pigs, some Gibbons, Rhesus Macaques, Capuchin Monkeys, some Corvids (Crows & Ravens) and Pigeons w/training. (Sorry Kitty!)

Dog, Raccoon, Deer and
Other Animal Intelligence Movies
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Zoologists

Sioux Falls Zoologists recommends the following documentaries that describe the animal intelligence of dogs, raccoons, deer, dolphins, octopus, parrots, pigeons, monkeys, and many others. The intelligence of animals documentaries span many animals, but to start out with we selected those movies that give an general overview of the more intelligent of them (dolphins, octopus, parrots, pigeons, and monkeys) and the intelligent behavior that makes them stand out, and intelligent animals people are probably more familiar with on an everyday basis (dogs, raccoons, and deer). (Yes, deer are smart, as any hunter will tell you, you will be surprised.) Included in these documentaries are descriptions of the homes animals build and how they build them, as well as one movie describing animal friendships between species. And lastly a documentary on plant communications. They really do "talk."

The movies are all available from Amazon.com but you are free to obtain them from many other sources. Amazon offers them on their website along with many alternate sources, often less expensive. Many are probably also available on NetFlix.com and elsewhere for on-line viewing. You are free to choose whatever source you please. The movie links on the following pages point to the movie location at Amazon.

The dog, raccoon, deer, and other animal intelligence documentaries selected by Sioux Falls Zoologists are described on the following 18 pages:

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Dog, Raccoon, Deer and
Other Animal Intelligence Movies
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Zoologists